When blacks were stolen and sold so whites could get "in the black," they lost their freedom, their children, their wives, husbands, communities, homes, churches, culture.
When blacks were tortured and worked so whites could "get in the black" they lost their sanity, health, joy, hope, lives.
We can't return health, family, lives, peace of mind... We can't undo trauma, tragedy, the distrust inculcated by treason, theft, abuse, rape, dehumanization.
What can we do?
We don't expect Jews, Koreans, Vietnamese, Armenians, Chinese, Mexicans, central Americans, etc. to fully integrate into the larger United States country of immigrants. Many people from these cultures choose to have their homes clustered, their areas and spaces that have integrity and economic vitality: entertainment venues, shops, restaurants, salons, banks, educational institutions, hospitals, professional institutions, churches. These areas are visited by others but recognized as largely of a particular culture. Why isn't that true of the black community? Because their communities have been actively and verifiably undermined and destroyed. These reparations might help ensure their reconstruction and endurance.
This amend will require a profound and fact-facing inventory of harms done. Those committed to its success will need to have a conscience that is not dictated by human law but by heaven's law. God willing, and God is willing, the latter is what we serve in our few days on this Earth.